The latest statistical bulletin released by the Office of National Statistics shows that the fertility rate amongst English people is continuing to decline.
Another worrying trend is also on the increase; 28.2% of live births in England and Wales were to foreign-born mothers (2016). Given that anybody can be considered English by setting foot on our soil these days, this is likely a gross underestimate of the true figures.
The fertility rate in England and Wales has also fallen by a hundredth, to 1.81. Again, due to non-native fertility rates being included in these figures, the fertility rate of native women can be placed much lower, perhaps even in line with Italy (1.37) or Japan (1.46).
This demonstrates that The Great Replacement is in full flow, with Somalis (4.19), Afghans (4.25) and Pakistanis (3.82) continuing to out-breed the native population – with the English taxpayer footing the bill, of course.
The ONS have also kindly illustrated the correlation between the decline in fertility rates and the “sexual revolution”.
Fertility rates in England nose-dived in the immediate aftermath of the Abortion Act 1967 (the legislation that legalised abortion in England and Wales) and have not since recovered.
Furthermore, the number of babies being born outside of marriage or “civil partnership” is 47.6%. In the mid-1950’s, this was 5%.
Continue reading to see the overview as provided by the ONS.
- There were 696,271 live births in England and Wales in 2016, a decrease of 0.2% from 2015.
- In 2016, the total fertility rate (TFR) decreased to 1.81 children per woman, from 1.82 in 2015.
- The average age of mothers in 2016 increased to 30.4 years, compared with 30.3 years in 2015.
- Women aged 40 and over had a higher fertility rate than women aged under 20 for the second time since 1947.
- Over a quarter (28.2%) of live births in 2016 were to mothers born outside the UK, the highest level on record.
- In 2016, the stillbirth rate decreased to 4.4 per 1,000 total births, the lowest rate since 1992.
“The percentage of babies born outside of marriage or civil partnership in 2016 was 48%; of these, two-thirds had parents who lived together. The percentage of births outside of marriage or civil partnership has remained relatively unchanged since 2012, following a notable increase from 5% in the mid-1950s. This increase coincided with cohabitation becoming more common as an alternative to marriage, particularly at younger ages.”
Nicola Haines, Vital Statistics Outputs Branch, Office for National Statistics
Important information for interpreting these birth statistics:
- birth statistics represent births that occurred in England and Wales in the calendar year, but include a very small number of late registrations from the previous year
- figures are compiled from information supplied when births are registered as part of civil registration, a legal requirement
There were 696,271 live births in England and Wales in 2016, a small decrease of 0.2% compared with 697,852 in 2015. The number of live births has fluctuated, following a 4.3% decrease between 2012 and 2013; the largest percentage annual decrease since 1975 (Figure 1).
In 2016, fertility rates for women aged 30 and over increased compared with 2015; this continues the long-term rise in fertility rates for women at these ages since the mid-1970s.
The fertility rate for women aged 40 and over has now trebled since 1990 and is at its highest level since 1949. The fertility rate for women aged 35 to 39 has trebled since 1980 and is now at its highest ever level since the beginning of the time series in 1938.
Fertility rates for women aged under 30 decreased compared with 2015. Fertility rates in both the under 20 and 20 to 24 age groups are now at their lowest ever level since the beginning of the time series in 1938 (Figure 3).
The largest percentage decrease in fertility rates in 2016 was for women aged under 20 (5.5%); the largest percentage increase was for women aged 40 and over (4.6%). In 2015 and 2016, the fertility rate for women aged 40 and over exceeded the rate for women aged under 20; this pattern was last recorded in 1947.
Since 2004 women aged 30 to 34 have had the highest fertility of any age group; prior to this women aged 25 to 29 had the highest fertility.
The percentage of births outside marriage or civil partnership declined very slightly in 2016 to 47.6% from 47.7% in 2015. Many of the babies born outside of marriage or civil partnership have parents who live together. Since 1998, over 60% of all births registered outside marriage or civil partnership each year have been to a cohabiting couple; in 2016 the figure was 67%. This is consistent with increases in the number of couples cohabiting rather than entering into marriage or civil partnership.
The percentage of births outside marriage or civil partnership has remained relatively unchanged since 2012, following a notable increase from 5% in the mid-1950s.
The percentage of live births in England and Wales to mothers born outside the UK continued to rise in 2016, reaching 28.2%; this percentage has increased every year since 1990, when it was 11.6%.
In recent years, the percentage of births to women born outside the UK has been higher than the percentage of the female population of childbearing age born outside the UK. There are two reasons for this:
- fertility levels are generally higher among foreign-born women
- the foreign-born and UK-born female populations of reproductive age have different age structures, with a higher proportion of foreign-born women being aged from 25 to 34, where fertility is highest
In 2016, the East of England and the West Midlands were the regions of England with the highest total fertility rate (TFR), with 1.91 children per woman. The North East and London had the lowest TFR, 1.72 children per woman.
Among the local authorities in England in 2016, City of London had the lowest TFR (0.75), Barking and Dagenham had the highest (2.47). The TFR for the City of London is based on a small number of women so should be interpreted with some caution. In Wales in 2016, Cardiff had the lowest TFR (1.59), Denbighshire had the highest (2.09). The interactive map below shows how fertility rates for local authority areas have changed since 2001.
The provisional number of live births in the UK in 2016 was 774,849; a decrease of 0.3% compared with 2015.
In Scotland the number of live births decreased by 1.1% in 2016 (provisional figure); there was a slightly smaller fall of 0.5% in Northern Ireland (provisional figure).
The number of stillbirths in England and Wales fell by 1.1% to 3,112 in 2016, from 3,147 in 2015. The stillbirth rate takes into account the total number of births (live and stillbirths), so provides a more accurate indication of trends than just analysing the number of stillbirths over time. In 2016, the stillbirth rate for England and Wales fell to 4.4 per 1,000 total births; the lowest rate since 1992 when it was 4.3.
In England, the stillbirth rate in 2016 was 4.3 per 1,000 total births, down from 4.4 in 2015. There has been a general downward trend in the stillbirth rate over the last 10 years with a decrease of 19% since 2006 (Figure 3).
In Wales, the stillbirth rate in 2016 was 5.0 per 1,000 total births, up from 4.7 in 2015. The small number of stillbirths in Wales means the rate can fluctuate.